Feast of the Holy Trinity

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By Catholic Digest Staff

Feast of the Holy Trinity
June 7

In 1680, after finishing a sermon before a crowd of thousands in an enormous Vienna square, Augustinian preacher Abraham Santa Clare asked the choir band to use their instruments to share their adoration and gratitude to the Holy Trinity, “upon which the whole group of many trumpets and kettle-drums right joyfully broke out in a ringing fanfare.” The Feast of the Holy Trinity was celebrated in France and Spain on the Sunday after Pentecost as early as the year 1,000, but the Roman Church resisted the feast for 300 more years, arguing that every Sunday, and every day, was a celebration of The Trinity. Finally, in 1334, after the celebration was widespread, the pope officially established the feast, which was especially popular throughout most of the late Middle Ages. The date of the feast, the Sunday after Pentecost, is a sign that salvation (culminating in Pentecost) was accomplished by The Trinity- The Father, through The Son, in The Holy Spirit.
During the Middle Ages, the people embraced the event with enthusiasm, Holy Trinity Confraternities thrived, and the Holy day even developed its own stories and superstitions. People thought that all weather on Trinity Sunday was blessed, especially “Trinity rain,” which was said to be healing and even miraculous. Also, it was believed that no evil spirits could roam the earth on that day. According to one folktale, at midnight on the feast day, divine flowers that could cure diseases, protect against accidents, and find treasures briefly blossomed. It was also thought that those who refused to honor the sacred day were punished with misfortune until the following Trinity Sunday.

Catholic Digest Staff